Mexico is one of the most privileged countries in the world with respect to nature. Due to its geographical location, shape, climate, orography and geology, our country has a wide variety of ecological characteristics that is unique worldwide; they include a wealth of different soils, and a diversity of flora and plant communities that feature practically all those known throughout the world.
According to international organizations, Mexico is considered one of the five most important countries in the world for its bio-diversity. In fact, Mexico has the highest number of reptile species in the World with nearly 1,500 different types.
The country is also home to the second largest variety of mammals and places fourth with respect to amphibians.
Scientists estimate that almost 15 percent of Mexico´s plant and animal species are found nowhere else on earth. Among some other well known facts, Mexico has the second largest coral reef in the world (Gama Reef) and the Gulf of Cortés in Baja California is the home of 82% of the sea species in the Pacific Ocean.
Very well known species such as the monarch butterflies, gray whales, turtles and flamingos, among others, find their natural habitat - temporary or permanently- in our territory. Due to the many habitats, the Mexican Government has introduced specific laws to enhance the protection of these species, particularly those who are endangered.
Mexico is signatory of numerous international environmental agreements, among the most recent, the Kyoto ProtocolOur country has strongly supported those efforts undertaken by the International Community within the framework of its organizations, to promote the protection of environment worldwide.