Secretariat of Energy
The Secretariat of Energy has as its mission to administer Mexico's energy policies and to exercise the rights of the Nation over energy resources in order to ensure the adequate supply of hydrocarbons and electricity as a public service, for which purpose it will promote the participation of the private sector in the generation of electricity and the distribution of natural and LP gas; to regulate and issue official Mexican regulations regarding energy, as well as to coordinate activities of the state-owned companies in the sector.
Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX)
PEMEX is the largest company in Mexico and one of the ten largest worldwide, both in terms of assets and revenue. In terms of the company's reserve levels and extraction and refining capabilities, it is among the five most important oil companies in the world.
PEMEX activities include exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons, as well as the production, storage, distribution and marketing of oil and petrochemical products.
PEMEX operates through a corporate body and four subsidiary organizations:
· PEMEX Exploration and Production
· PEMEX Refining
· PEMEX Gas y Basic Petrochemistry
· PEMEX Petrochemistry
The Corporate Body is responsible for the central administration and the strategic direction of the state oil industry, as well as for ensuring its integrity and unity in its actions.
PEMEX Exploration and Production oversees the exploration and exploitation of oil and natural gas.
PEMEX Refining produces, distributes and markets combustibles and other oil products.
PEMEX Gas y Basic Petrochemistry processes natural gas and natural gas liquids, distributes and markets natural and LP gas, and produces and markets basic petrochemical products.
PEMEX Petrochemistry, through its seven affiliates (Petroquímica Camargo, Petroquímica Cangrejera, Petroquímica Cosoleacaque, Petroquímica Escolín, Petroquímica Morelos, Petroquímica Pajaritos y Petroquímica Tula) produces, distributes and markets a wide range of secondary petrochemical products.
P.M.I. Comercio Internacional conducts the foreign trade activities of Petróleos Mexicanos.
The Mexican Oil Institute provides PEMEX with technological support in the extraction of hydrocarbons and in the production of oil and petrochemical products.
Federal Electricity Commission (CFE)
The CFE is the company that generates, transmits, distributes and markets electricity for 18.92 million customers, or almost 80 million Mexicans.
The CFE is a decentralized public organization, with individual recognition and its own assets.
Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Energy
The generation of electricity by the Federal Electricity Commission employs current technology and hydroelectric, thermoelectric, aeolian and nuclear plants.
At the end of the first trimester of 2001, the CFE has a real capacity for the generation of 35,733.04 megawatts (MW) of electricity, of which 9,389.8 MW are hydroelectric; 21,548.26 MW are thermoelectric and consume hydrocarbons; 2,600 MW are carboelectric; 827.90 MW are geothermoelectric; 1,364.9 MW are nucleoelectric and 2.2 MW are aeoloelectric.
To transport electricity from the plants to the end consumers, CFE has transmission and distribution grids that consist of high, medium and low-voltage cables.
Luz y Fuerza del Centro
Luz y Fuerza del Centro is the organization responsible for distributing and marketing electricity in Mexico's most important area of industrial, commercial and service development, the central region.
Currently, it distributes electricity to more than five million customers, or more than 20 million residents of the Federal District and the states of Mexico, Morelos, Hidalgo and Puebla.
Luz y Fuerza del Centro is a decentralized public organization that has individual recognition and its own assets.
National Energy Saving Commission
The National Energy Saving Commission (CONAE) is a decentralized administrative body of the Secretariat of Energy, and is technically and operationally autonomous.
The Conae acts as the technical consultative body for the Federal Public Administration departments and organizations, state and municipal governments and individuals in terms of saving and using energy efficiently and using renewable energy sources.
The Conae is the only government organization charged with promoting the efficient and rational use of energy, and the use of renewable energy sources throughout the country. It has successfully fulfilled its duties in this field since its creation in 1989 with a limited organizational structure and budget. Nevertheless, in recent years, it has become a model organization both nationally and internationally for the promotion and development of programs and measures for energy efficiency.
Mexican Oil Institute
Since its creation, the Mexican Oil Institute (IMP) has been an important platform for scientific research and technological development for the oil, basic petrochemical, derived petrochemical and chemical industries.
Today, the IMP is also a modern and competitive institution that aims to ensure the strengthening of technological research and development with leading-edge research programs and projects; maintain a sound self-financing ability; gear its efforts toward solutions with services for Petróleos Mexicanos, its main client, and strengthen its institutional abilities.
Energy Regulating Commission
The Energy Regulating Commission (CRE) helps protect the provision of public services, promotes healthy competition, protects the interests of users, encourages an adequate national coverage and sees to the reliability, stability and safety of the supply and the provision of services.
The CRE has set itself the goal of promoting the efficient development of the gas and electricity sectors to benefit users. In order to reach this objective, the Commission will regulate the natural and legal monopolies in the electric and natural gas industries in Mexico. Its regulatory activities must be carried out in a transparent, impartial and uniform manner, and be based on clear and stable regulations.
Electric Research Institute
The Electric Research Institute (IIE) was created by the Mexican government on December 1, 1975, as a decentralized public organization with individual recognition and its own assets, and has a scientific and technological focus.
Its activities consist mainly of conducting applied research and technological development projects for the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) and Luz y Fuerza del Centro (LyFC), the two electric companies in Mexico, as well as for the Mexican electric production industries and Petróleos Mexicanos. It also provides specialized technical services and collaborates with electric institutions and companies from other countries.
National Nuclear Research Institute
On January 26, 1979, the National Commission for National Security and Safeguards (CNSNS) and the National Nuclear Research Institute (ININ), a decentralized public organization of the federal government, were created in accordance with the Regulatory Law on Nuclear Matters of Article 27 of the Constitution of the United Mexican States.
This institute's mission is to act as a national laboratory for research and development of nuclear sciences and its applications, to conduct research of excellence and provide quality services, as well as to contribute to the training of senior researchers.
The ININ examines current scientific research issues, which permit contributions to knowledge and avant-guard research, including new materials and alternate energy sources (such as hydrogen fuel cells).
The Fund for Saving Electric Energy (FIDE) is a private non-profit organization that was created in 1990 to promote actions that bring about and encourage the saving and rational use of electricity.
National Commission for National Security and Safeguards
The National Commission for National Security and Safeguards (C.N.S.N.S.) has as its mission to ensure that activities involving nuclear and radioactive materials and sources of ionizing radiation are carried out with maximum security, employing current technological developments.
Asociación Mexicana de Gas Natural, A.C
The Mexican Natural Gas Association began operating as an association of natural gas distributors in 1988, bringing together most companies dedicated to this activity. Later, as a result of the opening up and development of the market, the Association's scope widened and the creation of four vice-presidencies was necessary in order to ensure an adequate supply of natural gas to industries, businesses, homes and vehicles.
Currently, the Association has more than 30 members, including both national and international businesses that specialize in the distribution, transportation, storage and marketing of natural gas, including as a fuel for vehicles.
The Association is a board member of the American Gas Association and the Natural Gas Council, and also participates with the Canadian Gas Association, the International Research Association and the International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles.